Correfoc – The Wildest Tradition Of La Merce Festival
PLANNING TO ATTEND THE BARCELONA FIRE RUN?
The Correfoc is a popular Catalan tradition consisting of a parade of infernal characters that chase people with fireworks. It is usually celebrated after dark (when the effect of the fireworks is more striking), and arises a lot of emotions in the participants that range from (controlled) danger to fun and fascination.
5 things you need to know about the Barcelona Firerun:
Diables (the devils)
People belonging to Diables teams dress up as devils for the parade. Each group of Diables has its own traditional costume and it’s usually made of sackcloth or thick cotton, as both are fireproof (it doesn’t mean they don’t burn, but they are more resistant).
They usually wear a cape to protect themselves and a pitchfork full of firecrackers. You’ll recognize them as they are in the middle of the street running with the firecrackers lit sending sparks to everybody that is in their way. A set of sparks lasts lit for a few seconds, then they go back to a chart to get more and start again.
Bestiari (the monsters)
Each Diables team “breeds” some kind of big monster, a scary cardboard mithological animal, that is carried by people hidden inside its structure. They also carry firecrackers sending sparks, as well and despiste being slower than a Diable, the monsters usually carry more fire than Diables.
The Barcelona Parade includes many of them, and you’ll quickly recognize the Gaudiamus, from the group of Malèfica del Coll, that is inspired in the dragon fountain of Park Güell. In our blog you can learn more about these traditional beasts.
Tabalers (the drummers)
The Diables and the Bestiari are accompanied by a group of drummers. When the fire starts, the drummers start playing as well, because they have a safety function: their sound keeps the devils aware of the position of the chart where the unused fireworks are kept, so they can stay away from it (a spark entering the fireworks chart could be fatal). Therefore, the area around the drummers becomes a safety zone for people who wants to follow the fire run but don’t want to approach the sparks.
The itinerary of the Correfoc Barcelona starts in the front of the Cathedral, with the spectacular “Porta de l’Infern” show (Hell’s Gate), where the devils are called by the Beast calls the Devils out of Hell so the parade can start.
Dozens of Diables teams are invited to join the Correfoc every year, and they parade down Via Laietana to the Port, where they are “sent back to hell”. There is also a Children Firerun taking place earlier: it’s not as spectacular as the adults’ one, but it’s so cute seeing kids wearing devil costumes with little pitchforks and firecrackers for kids.
This deeply rooted tradition starts back in the XIV century (it was first documented in 1150, but it wasn’t that popular yet), as a performance represented to entertain the nobility in the middle ages.
The devils and the angels were represented as well during the Corpus Christi festivities (ecclesiastic processions) to make the procession more spectacular, and with the firecrackers noise they’d get people step back and make room for the procession. The tradition has evolved throughout the centuries to become this wonderful fire parade.
AND BONUS! Make sure to dress safely to avoid serious burns:
Dress Code for safety
If you want to participate in the fire run, or at least being near enough to touch the fire, here are some safety tips:
- Wear long jeans and cotton long-sleeved shirts. Synthetic clothes burn quickly and are dangerous.
- Don’t use sandals: sneakers or shoes are better. And please, wear long socks to prevent sparks reaching your ankles.
- If you want to dance under the fire, wear a cotton hat that protects your hair, and a cotton scarf around your neck: the less skin is unprotected, the better.
- A neck buff can be useful to protect your face and cover your nose and mouth avoid breathing the gunpowder smoke.
Would you join a Correfoc Fire Run?
Marta is the founder of ForeverBarcelona. She is a passionate tour guide that loves Barcelona and loves writing too. She is the main author of our Blog, and is committed to sharing her knowledge about Barcelona and her best tips with our readers.
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